1. Ligand for highly enantioselective rhodium-catalyzed addition of arylboroxines to N-unprotected ketimines.
2. Ligand for palladium catalyzed α-arylation of sterically hindered substrates.
3. Ligand for highly enantioselective alkene aryloxyarylation led to the high-yielding formation of a series of 1,4-benzodioxanes and 1,4-benzooxazines.
4. Ligand for asymmetric Suzuki-Miyaura aryl?aryl cross-coupling.
5. Ligand for diastereoselective hydrogenation of β-aryl enamides.